METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- JANUARY 2014
Unemployment rates were lower in January than a year earlier in 367 of the 372
metropolitan areas, higher in 3 areas, and unchanged in 2 areas, the U.S.
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Thirty areas had jobless rates of
at least 10.0 percent and 41 areas had rates of less than 5.0 percent. Three
hundred sixteen metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm
payroll employment, 48 had decreases, and 8 had no change. The national
unemployment rate in January was 7.0 percent, not seasonally adjusted, down
from 8.5 percent a year earlier.
Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
Yuma, Ariz., and El Centro, Calif., had the highest unemployment rates in
January, 26.1 percent and 22.0 percent, respectively. Midland, Texas, had
the lowest rate, 2.9 percent. A total of 210 areas had January unemployment
rates below the U.S. figure of 7.0 percent, 157 areas had rates above it, and
5 areas had rates equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.)
Ocean City, N.J., had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in
January (-3.7 percentage points). Ninety-one other areas had rate declines of at
least 2.0 percentage points, and an additional 183 areas had declines between
1.0 and 1.9 points. Yuma, Ariz., had the largest over-the-year jobless rate
increase (+1.3 percentage points). No other area had an unemployment rate
increase greater than 0.6 percentage point.
| Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment Data Series Changes |
| In accordance with annual practices, historical data have been revised in |
| tables 1 through 4 of this news release. For detailed information on the |
| revisions, see the box notes at the end of the news release. |
Of the 49 metropolitan areas with a Census 2000 population of 1 million or
more, Providence-Fall River-Warwick, R.I.-Mass., had the highest unemployment
rate in January, 10.3 percent. Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos, Texas, had the
lowest rate among the large areas, 4.7 percent. Forty-eight of the large areas
had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases and one had an increase. The
largest rate decline occurred in Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, N.C.-S.C.
(-2.6 percentage points). Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, Ohio, had the only jobless
rate increase over the year (+0.2 percentage point).
Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 34 metropolitan
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers.
In January, Lawrence-Methuen-Salem, Mass.-N.H., had the highest jobless rate
among the divisions, 10.6 percent. Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick, Md., had the
lowest rate, 4.6 percent. (See table 2.)
All 34 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year jobless rate decreases in
January. The largest of these declines occurred in Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn,
Mich., and Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, Fla. (-2.6 percentage points each).
Twenty-three other divisions had rate decreases of 1.0 percentage point or
Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
In January, 316 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm
payroll employment, 48 had decreases, and 8 had no change. The largest
over-the-year employment increases occurred in New York-Northern New
Jersey-Long Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. (+135,600), Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa
Ana, Calif. (+129,800), and Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas (+95,900).
The largest over-the-year percentage gain in employment occurred in Ocean
City, N.J. (+10.5 percent), followed by Napa, Calif. (+6.6 percent), and
Greeley, Colo. (+6.1 percent). (See table 3.)
The largest over-the-year decrease in employment occurred in Albuquerque,
N.M. (-4,100), followed by Peoria, Ill. (-3,400), and Charleston, W.Va.
(-2,900). The largest over-the-year percentage decreases in employment
occurred in Anniston-Oxford, Ala. (-3.7 percent), Danville, Va.
(-3.2 percent), and Bloomington-Normal, Ill. (-2.7 percent).
Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 36 of the 38 metropolitan areas
with annual average employment levels above 750,000 in 2013. The largest
over-the-year percentage increase in employment in these large metropolitan
areas occurred in Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos, Texas (+4.5 percent),
followed by San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, Calif. (+4.4 percent), and
Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, Tenn. (+3.7 percent). The only
large areas that had over-the-year percentage decreases in employment were
Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, Va.-N.C. (-0.3 percent), and Pittsburgh,
Pa. (-0.1 percent).
Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
Nonfarm payroll employment data were available in January 2014 for 32
metropolitan divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable
employment centers within a metropolitan area. Thirty of the 32 metropolitan
divisions had over-the-year employment gains and 2 had losses. The largest
over-the-year increase in employment among the metropolitan divisions
occurred in New York-White Plains-Wayne, N.Y.-N.J. (+107,200), followed by
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif. (+91,100), and Dallas-Plano-Irving,
Texas (+70,500). The only over-the-year decreases in employment occurred in
Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, Mich. (-5,300), and Camden, N.J. (-5,000).
(See table 4.)
The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment among the
metropolitan divisions occurred in San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City,
Calif. (+3.6 percent), followed by Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas, and Fort
Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach, Fla. (+3.3 percent each). The
only over-the-year percentage decreases in employment occurred in Camden,
N.J. (-1.0 percent), and Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, Mich. (-0.7 percent).
The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release for February
2014 is scheduled to be released on Friday, March 28, 2014, at 10:00 a.m.
(EDT). The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for
February 2014 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, April 9, 2014, at
10:00 a.m. (EDT).
| Changes to Local Area Unemployment Statistics Data |
| Effective with the release of 2013 annual average estimates on February 28, |
| civilian labor force and unemployment data for all states, the District of |
| Columbia, and the seven modeled substate areas presented in tables 1 and 2 of |
| this news release were revised from 2009 through 2013 to incorporate updated |
| inputs, new population controls, reestimation of models, and adjustment to |
| new division and national control totals. Historical revisions for all |
| model-based area estimates were loaded into the BLS time series database at |
| that time. |
| Civilian labor force and unemployment data for the non-modeled metropolitan |
| areas and divisions presented in tables 1 and 2 of this news release have |
| been revised for 2013 to incorporate updated inputs and adjustment to new |
| state control totals. However, historical estimates for these areas and |
| divisions in the BLS time series database have not been revised and do not |
| match the data for 2013 in this news release. Revisions for all non-modeled |
| metropolitan area and division estimates from 2009 through 2013 will be |
| loaded into the database on April 18. For more information, see |
| www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm. |
| Changes to Current Employment Statistics Data |
| Effective with this release, nonfarm payroll estimates for states and |
| metropolitan areas (tables 3 and 4) have been revised as a result of annual |
| benchmark processing to reflect 2013 employment counts primarily from the |
| BLS Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. Not seasonally adjusted data |
| back to April 2012 were revised. For more information on annual processing, |
| see www.bls.gov/sae/benchmark2014.pdf. |
- Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment Technical Note
- Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
- Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division (1)
- Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area
- Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division
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