METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- FEBRUARY 2014
Unemployment rates were lower in February than a year earlier in 338 of the 372
metropolitan areas, higher in 25 areas, and unchanged in 9 areas, the U.S.
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Twenty-nine areas had jobless rates
of at least 10.0 percent and 49 areas had rates of less than 5.0 percent. Two
hundred eighty-six metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm
payroll employment, 77 had decreases, and 9 had no change. The national
unemployment rate in February was 7.0 percent, not seasonally adjusted, down
from 8.1 percent a year earlier.
Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
Yuma, Ariz., and El Centro, Calif., had the highest unemployment rates in
February, 22.9 percent and 21.0 percent, respectively. Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux,
La., had the lowest rate, 2.8 percent. A total of 200 areas had February
unemployment rates below the U.S. figure of 7.0 percent, 162 areas had rates
above it, and 10 areas had rates equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.)
Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway, S.C., had the largest over-the-year
unemployment rate decrease in February (-3.9 percentage points). Thirty-four
other areas had rate declines of at least 2.0 percentage points, and an
additional 158 areas had declines between 1.0 and 1.9 points. Cape Girardeau-
Jackson, Mo.-Ill., and Jefferson City, Mo., had the largest over-the-year jobless
rate increases (+1.0 percentage point each).
Of the 49 metropolitan areas with a Census 2000 population of 1 million or more,
Providence-Fall River-Warwick, R.I.-Mass., had the highest unemployment rate in
February, 9.7 percent. New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, La., had the lowest rate
among the large areas, 4.2 percent. Forty-seven of the large areas had over-the-
year unemployment rate decreases and two had increases. The largest rate decline
occurred in Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, N.C.-S.C. (-2.6 percentage points). No
large area had a jobless rate increase greater than 0.2 percentage point over the
Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 34 metropolitan
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In
February, Lawrence-Methuen-Salem, Mass.-N.H., had the highest jobless rate among
the divisions, 10.2 percent. Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick, Md., had the lowest
rate, 4.6 percent. (See table 2.)
All 34 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year jobless rate decreases in February.
The largest of these declines occurred in Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, Fla. (-2.3
percentage points). Thirteen other divisions had rate decreases of 1.0 percentage
point or more.
Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
In February, 286 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll
employment, 77 had decreases, and 9 had no change. The largest over-the-year
employment increases occurred in Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, Calif. (+117,100),
New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. (+112,400), and Dallas-
Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas (+82,800). The largest over-the-year percentage gain
in employment occurred in Ocean City, N.J. (+9.1 percent), followed by Napa, Calif.,
and Reno-Sparks, Nev. (+5.4 percent each), and Monroe, Mich. (+5.1 percent). (See
The largest over-the-year decrease in employment occurred in Dayton, Ohio (-5,400),
followed by Pittsburgh, Pa. (-5,200), and Albuquerque, N.M. (-4,500). The largest
over-the-year percentage decreases in employment occurred in Anniston-Oxford, Ala.
(-4.3 percent), Danville, Va. (-3.0 percent), and Atlantic City-Hammonton, N.J.,
and Warner Robins, Ga. (-2.8 percent each).
Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 33 of the 38 metropolitan areas with
annual average employment levels above 750,000 in 2013, decreased in 4, and was
unchanged in Kansas City, Mo.-Kan. The largest over-the-year percentage increase
in employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred in San Jose-Sunnyvale-
Santa Clara, Calif. (+4.4 percent), followed by Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos, Texas
(+3.9 percent), and Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, Fla. (+3.6 percent). The largest
over-the-year percentage decreases in employment occurred in Pittsburgh, Pa.
(-0.5 percent), Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, Va.-N.C. (-0.3 percent), and
Detroit-Warren-Livonia, Mich. (-0.2 percent).
Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
Nonfarm payroll employment data were available in February 2014 for 32 metropolitan
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers within
a metropolitan area. Twenty-eight of the 32 metropolitan divisions had over-the-
year employment gains and 4 had losses. The largest over-the-year increase in
employment among the metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-White Plains-Wayne,
N.Y.-N.J. (+95,900), followed by Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif. (+86,100),
and Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+65,300). The over-the-year decreases in employment
occurred in Camden, N.J. (-5,700), Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, Mich. (-5,100), and
Edison-New Brunswick, N.J., and Gary, Ind. (-2,100 each). (See table 4.)
The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment among the metropolitan
divisions occurred in Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach, Fla. (+3.3
percent), followed by Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas, and San Francisco-San Mateo-
Redwood City, Calif. (+3.1 percent each), and Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, Fla.
(+2.9 percent). The largest over-the-year percentage decreases in employment
occurred in Camden, N.J. (-1.1 percent), Gary, Ind. (-0.8 percent), and Detroit-
Livonia-Dearborn, Mich. (-0.7 percent).
The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release for March 2014
is scheduled to be released on Friday, April 18, 2014, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The
Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for March 2014 is
scheduled to be released on Tuesday, April 29, 2014, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).
| Changes to Local Area Unemployment Statistics Data |
| Civilian labor force and unemployment data for the non-modeled metropolitan areas |
| and divisions presented in tables 1 and 2 of this news release have been revised |
| for 2013 to incorporate updated inputs and adjustment to new state control totals. |
| However, historical estimates in the BLS time series database will not be updated |
| until Friday, April 18th. For more information, see www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm. |
- Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment Technical Note
- Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
- Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division (1)
- Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area
- Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division
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