U.S. Employment Trends

April Jobless Rates Down over the Year in 357 of 372 Metro Areas; Payroll Jobs Up in 302

Jobless rates were lower in April than a year earlier in 357 of the 372 metropolitan areas, higher in 12, and unchanged in 3. Nonfarm payroll employment was up in 302 metropolitan areas over the year, down in 63, and unchanged in 7.

U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- APRIL 2014 


Unemployment rates were lower in April than a year earlier in 357 of the 372
metropolitan areas, higher in 12 areas, and unchanged in 3 areas, the U.S.
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Fourteen areas had jobless rates
of at least 10.0 percent and 118 areas had rates of less than 5.0 percent.
Nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in 302 metropolitan areas,
decreased in 63 areas, and was unchanged in 7 areas. The national unemployment
rate in April was 5.9 percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 7.1 percent
a year earlier.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Yuma, Ariz., and El Centro, Calif., had the highest unemployment rates in
April, 23.8 percent and 21.6 percent, respectively. Midland, Texas, had the
lowest unemployment rate, 2.3 percent. A total of 214 areas had April
unemployment rates below the U.S. figure of 5.9 percent, 148 areas had rates
above it, and 10 areas had rates equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.)

Yuma, Ariz., had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in April
(-3.0 percentage points). Fifty-one other areas had rate declines of at least
2.0 percentage points, and an additional 201 areas had declines of at least
1.0 point. Florence-Muscle Shoals, Ala., had the largest over-the-year jobless
rate increase (+1.0 percentage point).

Of the 49 metropolitan areas with a Census 2000 population of 1 million or more,
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif., had the highest unemployment rate in
April, 8.3 percent. Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos, Texas, and Oklahoma City, Okla.,
had the lowest jobless rates among the large areas, 3.8 percent each. Forty-eight
of the large areas had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, while one had
an increase. The largest unemployment rate decline occurred in Las Vegas-Paradise,
Nev. (-2.5 percentage points). Birmingham-Hoover, Ala., had the only jobless rate
increase (+0.4 percentage point).

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 34 metropolitan
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In
April, Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, Mich., and Lawrence-Methuen-Salem, Mass.-N.H.,
had the highest jobless rates among the divisions, 8.9 percent each. Bethesda-
Rockville-Frederick, Md., had the lowest division rate, 4.1 percent. (See table 2.)

All 34 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year jobless rate decreases in April.
Philadelphia, Pa., had the largest rate decline from a year earlier (-2.2
percentage points). Twenty-one other divisions had rate decreases of 1.0 percentage
point or more.

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in 302 metropolitan areas,
decreased in 63 areas, and was unchanged in 7 areas. The largest over-the-year
employment increases occurred in Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, Calif.
(+118,200), Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas (+115,900), and New York-Northern
New Jersey-Long Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. (+94,300). The largest over-the-year
percentage gain in employment occurred in Ocean City, N.J. (+7.5 percent),
followed by Greeley, Colo. (+5.3 percent), and College Station-Bryan, Texas
(+5.0 percent). (See table 3.)

The largest over-the-year decrease in employment occurred in Detroit-Warren-
Livonia, Mich. (-5,500), followed by Albuquerque, N.M. (-4,500), and Atlantic City-
Hammonton, N.J. (-3,700). The largest over-the-year percentage decreases in
employment occurred in Farmington, N.M. (-3.7 percent), Warner Robins, Ga. (-3.0
percent), and Bloomington-Normal, Ill. (-2.9 percent).

Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 36 of the 38 metropolitan areas with
annual average employment levels above 750,000 in 2013. The largest over-the-year
percentage increase in employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred in
Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, Fla. (+4.5 percent), followed by San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa
Clara, Calif. (+4.0 percent), and Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas (+3.8 percent).
The over-the-year percentage decreases in employment occurred in Detroit-Warren-
Livonia, Mich., and Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, Va.-N.C. (-0.3 percent each).

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Nonfarm payroll employment data were available in April 2014 for 32 metropolitan
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers within
a metropolitan area. Thirty of the 32 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year
employment gains and 2 had losses. The largest over-the-year increase in employment
among the metropolitan divisions occurred in Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif.
(+91,300), followed by Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+89,600), and New York-White Plains-
Wayne, N.Y.-N.J. (+73,600). The over-the-year decreases in employment occurred in
Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, Mich. (-11,000), and Camden, N.J. (-3,200). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment among the metropolitan
divisions occurred in Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+4.2 percent), followed by Fort
Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach, Fla., and Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, Fla.
(+3.3 percent each). The over-the-year percentage decreases in employment occurred
in Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, Mich. (-1.5 percent), and Camden, N.J. (-0.6 percent).

_____________
The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release for May is
scheduled to be released on Friday, June 20, 2014, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The
Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for May is scheduled
to be released on Tuesday, July 1, 2014, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).

__________________________________________________________________________________
| |
| Upcoming Changes to Current Employment Statistics (CES) Data |
| |
| Effective with the release of July 2014 data on August 18, 2014, the CES survey |
| will implement new sample units into production on a quarterly basis, replacing |
| the current practice of implementing new sample units annually. There is no |
| change to the CES survey sample design. More information about the quarterly |
| sample implementation is available at www.bls.gov/ces/cesqsi.htm. |
|__________________________________________________________________________________|

__________________________________________________________________________________
| |
| Current Employment Statistics (CES) Data Corrections |
| |
| This news release contains corrections to previously released employment data. |
| A complete listing of corrections in this news release and in the CES (state |
| and area) database can be found at www.bls.gov/bls/errata/sae_errata.htm. |
|__________________________________________________________________________________|






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