METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- MAY 2014
Unemployment rates were lower in May than a year earlier in 357 of the 372 metropolitan
areas, higher in 11 areas, and unchanged in 4 areas, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
reported today. Twelve areas had jobless rates of at least 10.0 percent and 93 areas had
rates of less than 5.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in
295 metropolitan areas, decreased in 68 areas, and was unchanged in 9 areas. The national
unemployment rate in May was 6.1 percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 7.3 percent
a year earlier.
Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
Yuma, Ariz., and El Centro, Calif., had the highest unemployment rates in May, 26.5
percent and 21.1 percent, respectively. Bismarck, N.D., had the lowest unemployment
rate, 2.2 percent. A total of 204 areas had May unemployment rates below the U.S.
figure of 6.1 percent, 156 areas had rates above it, and 12 areas had rates equal to
that of the nation. (See table 1.)
New Bedford, Mass., had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in May
(-2.8 percentage points). Thirty-seven other areas had rate declines of at least 2.0
percentage points, and an additional 201 areas had declines of at least 1.0 point.
Florence-Muscle Shoals, Ala., had the largest over-the-year jobless rate increase
(+0.4 percentage point).
Of the 49 metropolitan areas with a Census 2000 population of 1 million or more,
Detroit-Warren-Livonia, Mich.; Providence-Fall River-Warwick, R.I.-Mass.; and
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif., had the highest unemployment rates in May,
8.0 percent each. Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, Minn.-Wis., had the lowest jobless
rate among the large areas, 4.0 percent, followed by Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos,
Texas, 4.1 percent. Forty-eight of the large areas had over-the-year unemployment rate
decreases, while one had an increase. The largest unemployment rate decline occurred in
Las Vegas-Paradise, Nev. (-2.1 percentage points). Birmingham-Hoover, Ala., had the
only jobless rate increase (+0.1 percentage point).
Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 34 metropolitan divisions,
which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In May, Detroit-
Livonia-Dearborn, Mich., had the highest jobless rate among the divisions, 9.0 percent.
Framingham, Mass., had the lowest division rate, 4.1 percent. (See table 2.)
All 34 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year jobless rate decreases in May. Lawrence-
Methuen-Salem, Mass.-N.H., had the largest rate decline from a year earlier (-2.8
percentage points). Twenty-six other divisions had rate decreases of 1.0 percentage
point or more.
Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
In May, 295 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment,
68 had decreases, and 9 had no change. The largest over-the-year employment increases
occurred in Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas (+113,100), Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa
Ana, Calif. (+111,900), and New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa.
(+111,200). The largest over-the-year percentage gain in employment occurred in Muncie,
Ind. (+7.5 percent), followed by Ocean City, N.J. (+6.5 percent), and College Station-
Bryan, Texas (+5.1 percent). (See table 3.)
The largest over-the-year decreases in employment occurred in Detroit-Warren-Livonia,
Mich., and Peoria, Ill. (-3,300 each), followed by Scranton--Wilkes-Barre, Pa. (-3,200),
and Atlantic City-Hammonton, N.J. (-3,000). The largest over-the-year percentage decreases
in employment occurred in Anniston-Oxford, Ala. (-3.2 percent), Bloomington-Normal, Ill.
(-3.0 percent), and Warner Robins, Ga. (-2.5 percent).
Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 36 of the 38 metropolitan areas with annual
average employment levels above 750,000 in 2013. The largest over-the-year percentage
increase in employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred in Dallas-Fort Worth-
Arlington, Texas (+3.7 percent), followed by Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos, Texas (+3.6
percent), and Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, Fla., and San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, Calif.
(+3.4 percent each). The over-the-year percentage decreases in employment occurred in
Detroit-Warren-Livonia, Mich., and Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, Va.-N.C. (-0.2
Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
Nonfarm payroll employment data were available in May 2014 for 32 metropolitan divisions,
which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers within a metropolitan
area. Twenty-nine of the 32 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year employment gains
and 3 had losses. The largest over-the-year increase in employment among the metropolitan
divisions occurred in Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif. (+89,300), followed by
Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+88,300), and New York-White Plains-Wayne, N.Y.-N.J. (+88,000).
The over-the-year decreases in employment occurred in Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, Mich.
(-5,900), Camden, N.J. (-2,600), and Gary, Ind. (-1,200). (See table 4.)
The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment among the metropolitan divisions
occurred in Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+4.1 percent), followed by Fort Lauderdale-Pompano
Beach-Deerfield Beach, Fla. (+3.2 percent), and Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, Fla. (+2.9 percent).
The over-the-year percentage decreases in employment occurred in Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn,
Mich. (-0.8 percent), Camden, N.J. (-0.5 percent), and Gary, Ind. (-0.4 percent).
The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release for June is scheduled to be
released on Friday, July 18, 2014, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The Metropolitan Area Employment and
Unemployment news release for June is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, July 30, 2014,
at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).
| Upcoming Changes to Current Employment Statistics (CES) Data |
|Effective with the release of July 2014 data on August 18, 2014, the CES survey will |
|implement new sample units into production on a quarterly basis, replacing the current |
|practice of implementing new sample units annually. There is no change to the CES survey|
|sample design. More information about the quarterly sample implementation is available |
|at www.bls.gov/ces/cesqsi.htm. |
- Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment Technical Note
- Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
- Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division (1)
- Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area
- Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division
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