METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- JUNE 2014
Unemployment rates were lower in June than a year earlier in 359 of the 372
metropolitan areas, higher in 10 areas, and unchanged in 3 areas, the U.S. Bureau
of Labor Statistics reported today. Ten areas had jobless rates of at least 10.0
percent and 74 areas had rates of less than 5.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll employment
increased over the year in 307 metropolitan areas, decreased in 55 areas, and was
unchanged in 10 areas. The national unemployment rate in June was 6.3 percent, not
seasonally adjusted, down from 7.8 percent a year earlier.
Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
Yuma, Ariz., and El Centro, Calif., had the highest unemployment rates in June,
26.9 percent and 22.0 percent, respectively. Bismarck, N.D., had the lowest
unemployment rate, 2.6 percent, followed by Midland, Texas, 2.9 percent. A total
of 205 areas had June unemployment rates below the U.S. figure of 6.3 percent,
157 areas had rates above it, and 10 areas had rates equal to that of the nation.
(See table 1.)
Longview, Wash., had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in June
(-3.4 percentage points). The next largest declines were in Decatur, Ill. (-3.3
percentage points); Rocky Mount, N.C. (-3.2 points); and New Bedford, Mass. (-3.0
points). Eighty-eight other areas had rate decreases of at least 2.0 percentage
points. Florence-Muscle Shoals, Ala., had the largest over-the-year jobless rate
increase (+0.9 percentage point).
Of the 49 metropolitan areas with a Census 2000 population of 1 million or more,
Detroit-Warren-Livonia, Mich., had the highest unemployment rate in June, 9.2
percent. Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos, Texas, and Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington,
Minn.-Wis., had the lowest jobless rates among the large areas, 4.4 percent and
4.5 percent, respectively. Forty-eight of the large areas had over-the-year
unemployment rate decreases, while one had an increase. The largest unemployment
rate decline occurred in Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Ill.-Ind.-Wis. (-2.8
percentage points). Birmingham-Hoover, Ala., had the only jobless rate increase
(+0.1 percentage point).
Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 34 metropolitan
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In
June, Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, Mich., had the highest jobless rate among the
divisions, 10.2 percent. San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City, Calif., had the
lowest division rate, 4.3 percent. (See table 2.)
All 34 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year jobless rate decreases in June.
The largest of these were in Lawrence-Methuen-Salem, Mass.-N.H. (-3.1 percentage
points), and Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Ill. (-3.0 points). Seven other
divisions had rate decreases of 2.0 percentage points or more.
Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
Three hundred seven metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm
payroll employment, 55 had decreases, and 10 had no change. The largest over-the-
year employment increases occurred in New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island,
N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. (+137,800), Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, Calif. (+118,700),
and Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas (+112,100). The largest over-the-year
percentage gain in employment occurred in Muncie, Ind. (+8.2 percent), followed
by Lawrence, Kan. (+8.0 percent), and College Station-Bryan, Texas (+5.8 percent).
(See table 3.)
The largest over-the-year decrease in employment occurred in Atlantic City-Hammonton,
N.J. (-3,600), followed by Peoria, Ill. (-2,500), and Jackson, Miss. (-2,300). The
largest over-the-year percentage decreases in employment occurred in Anniston-Oxford,
Ala. (-3.4 percent), Atlantic City-Hammonton, N.J. (-2.6 percent), and Danville,
Va., and Jackson, Mich. (-2.3 percent each).
Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in all of the 38 metropolitan areas with
annual average employment levels above 750,000 in 2013. The largest over-the-year
percentage increase in employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred in
Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, Fla. (+3.7 percent), followed by Austin-Round Rock-San
Marcos, Texas, and Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas (+3.6 percent each).
Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
Nonfarm payroll employment data were available in June 2014 for 32 metropolitan
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers within
a metropolitan area. Thirty-one of the 32 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year
employment gains and 1 had a loss. The largest over-the-year increase in employment
among the metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-White Plains-Wayne, N.Y.-N.J.
(+107,400), followed by Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif. (+88,800), and Dallas-
Plano-Irving, Texas (+88,000). The only over-the-year decrease in employment occurred
in Camden, N.J. (-1,500). (See table 4.)
The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment among the metropolitan
divisions occurred in Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+4.0 percent), followed by Fort
Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach, Fla. (+3.3 percent), and San Francisco-San
Mateo-Redwood City, Calif. (+3.2 percent). The only over-the-year percentage decrease
in employment occurred in Camden, N.J. (-0.3 percent).
The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release for July is
scheduled to be released on Monday, August 18, 2014, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The
Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for July is scheduled
to be released on Wednesday, August 27, 2014, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).
| Upcoming Changes to Current Employment Statistics (CES) Data |
| Effective with the release of July 2014 data on August 18, 2014, the |
| CES survey will implement new sample units into production on a |
| quarterly basis, replacing the current practice of implementing new |
| sample units annually. There is no change to the CES survey sample |
| design. More information about the quarterly sample implementation |
| is available at www.bls.gov/ces/cesqsi.htm. |
- Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment Technical Note
- Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
- Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division (1)
- Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area
- Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division
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