U.S. Employment Trends

U.S. April Jobless Rates Down over the Year in 305 of 388 Metro Areas; Payroll Jobs Up In 312

Jobless rates were lower in April than a year earlier in 305 of the 388 metropolitan areas, higher in 63, and unchanged in 20. Nonfarm payroll employment was up in 312 metropolitan areas over the year, down in 70, and unchanged in 6.

U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- APRIL 2018


Unemployment rates were lower in April than a year earlier in 305 of the 388 metropolitan
areas, higher in 63 areas, and unchanged in 20 areas, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
reported today. Eighty-eight areas had jobless rates of less than 3.0 percent and three
areas had rates of at least 10.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll employment increased over the
year in 312 metropolitan areas, decreased in 70 areas, and was unchanged in 6 areas. The
national unemployment rate in April was 3.7 percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from
4.1 percent a year earlier.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In April, Ames, IA, had the lowest unemployment rate, 1.5 percent. Yuma, AZ, had the
highest unemployment rate, 15.7 percent. A total of 204 areas had April jobless rates
below the U.S. rate of 3.7 percent, 167 areas had rates above it, and 17 areas had
rates equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.)

El Centro, CA, had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in April (-3.3
percentage points). An additional 37 areas had rate declines of at least 1.0 percentage
point. The largest over-the-year rate increase occurred in Beckley, WV (+0.7 percentage
point).

Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more,
Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, TN, had the lowest unemployment rate in
April, 2.2 percent. Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls, NY, had the highest jobless
rate among the large areas, 5.1 percent. Forty-four large areas had over-the-year
unemployment rate decreases, three had increases, and four had no change. The largest
rate decrease occurred in Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA (-1.2 percentage points).
No large area had an unemployment rate increase greater than 0.2 percentage point.

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan divisions,
which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In April, San
Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco, CA, and San Rafael, CA, had the lowest
unemployment rates among the divisions, 2.1 percent each. Tacoma-Lakewood, WA, had the
highest division rate, 5.4 percent. (See table 2.)

In April, 31 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, 5 had
increases, and 2 had no change. The largest rate decline occurred in Chicago-Naperville-
Arlington Heights, IL (-1.0 percentage point). None of the over-the-year jobless rate
increases exceeded 0.3 percentage point.

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In April, 312 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll
employment, 70 had decreases, and 6 had no change. The largest over-the-year employment
increases occurred in Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX (+119,900), New York-Newark-Jersey
City, NY-NJ-PA (+113,500), and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA (+94,100). The largest
over-the-year percentage gains in employment occurred in Midland, TX (+12.2 percent),
Odessa, TX (+6.1 percent), and Elkhart-Goshen, IN (+5.5 percent). (See table 3.)

The largest over-the-year decrease in employment occurred in Naples-Immokalee-Marco
Island, FL (-3,600), followed by Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA (-2,700), and Corpus
Christi, TX (-2,100). The largest over-the-year percentage decrease in employment
occurred in Bismarck, ND (-2.7 percent), followed by Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island, FL,
and Victoria, TX (-2.4 percent each).

Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 50 of 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census
population of 1 million or more and fell in Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC
(-0.2 percent). The largest over-the-year percentage increases in employment in these
large metropolitan areas occurred in Austin-Round Rock, TX, and San Jose-Sunnyvale-
Santa Clara, CA (+3.5 percent each), followed by Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX, and
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA (+3.4 percent each).

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In April, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 35 of the 38 metropolitan divisions
over the year and fell in 3. The largest over-the-year increase in employment among
the metropolitan divisions occurred in Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX (+89,100), followed by
New York-Jersey City-White Plains, NY-NJ (+88,800), and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale,
CA (+64,700). The over-the-year decreases occurred in Peabody-Salem-Beverly, MA (-800),
Gary, IN (-700), and Framingham, MA (-100). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increase occurred in Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX
(+3.5 percent), followed by Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town, MA-NH, and Tacoma-
Lakewood, WA (+3.3 percent each). The over-the-year percentage decreases occurred in
Peabody-Salem-Beverly, MA (-0.8 percent), Gary, IN (-0.3 percent), and Framingham, MA
(-0.1 percent).



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