METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- APRIL 2018 Unemployment rates were lower in April than a year earlier in 305 of the 388 metropolitan areas, higher in 63 areas, and unchanged in 20 areas, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Eighty-eight areas had jobless rates of less than 3.0 percent and three areas had rates of at least 10.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in 312 metropolitan areas, decreased in 70 areas, and was unchanged in 6 areas. The national unemployment rate in April was 3.7 percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 4.1 percent a year earlier. Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted) In April, Ames, IA, had the lowest unemployment rate, 1.5 percent. Yuma, AZ, had the highest unemployment rate, 15.7 percent. A total of 204 areas had April jobless rates below the U.S. rate of 3.7 percent, 167 areas had rates above it, and 17 areas had rates equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.) El Centro, CA, had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in April (-3.3 percentage points). An additional 37 areas had rate declines of at least 1.0 percentage point. The largest over-the-year rate increase occurred in Beckley, WV (+0.7 percentage point). Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more, Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, TN, had the lowest unemployment rate in April, 2.2 percent. Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls, NY, had the highest jobless rate among the large areas, 5.1 percent. Forty-four large areas had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, three had increases, and four had no change. The largest rate decrease occurred in Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA (-1.2 percentage points). No large area had an unemployment rate increase greater than 0.2 percentage point. Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted) Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In April, San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco, CA, and San Rafael, CA, had the lowest unemployment rates among the divisions, 2.1 percent each. Tacoma-Lakewood, WA, had the highest division rate, 5.4 percent. (See table 2.) In April, 31 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, 5 had increases, and 2 had no change. The largest rate decline occurred in Chicago-Naperville- Arlington Heights, IL (-1.0 percentage point). None of the over-the-year jobless rate increases exceeded 0.3 percentage point. Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted) In April, 312 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment, 70 had decreases, and 6 had no change. The largest over-the-year employment increases occurred in Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX (+119,900), New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA (+113,500), and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA (+94,100). The largest over-the-year percentage gains in employment occurred in Midland, TX (+12.2 percent), Odessa, TX (+6.1 percent), and Elkhart-Goshen, IN (+5.5 percent). (See table 3.) The largest over-the-year decrease in employment occurred in Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island, FL (-3,600), followed by Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA (-2,700), and Corpus Christi, TX (-2,100). The largest over-the-year percentage decrease in employment occurred in Bismarck, ND (-2.7 percent), followed by Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island, FL, and Victoria, TX (-2.4 percent each). Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 50 of 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more and fell in Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC (-0.2 percent). The largest over-the-year percentage increases in employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred in Austin-Round Rock, TX, and San Jose-Sunnyvale- Santa Clara, CA (+3.5 percent each), followed by Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX, and Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA (+3.4 percent each). Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted) In April, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 35 of the 38 metropolitan divisions over the year and fell in 3. The largest over-the-year increase in employment among the metropolitan divisions occurred in Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX (+89,100), followed by New York-Jersey City-White Plains, NY-NJ (+88,800), and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA (+64,700). The over-the-year decreases occurred in Peabody-Salem-Beverly, MA (-800), Gary, IN (-700), and Framingham, MA (-100). (See table 4.) The largest over-the-year percentage increase occurred in Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX (+3.5 percent), followed by Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town, MA-NH, and Tacoma- Lakewood, WA (+3.3 percent each). The over-the-year percentage decreases occurred in Peabody-Salem-Beverly, MA (-0.8 percent), Gary, IN (-0.3 percent), and Framingham, MA (-0.1 percent).
- Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment Technical Note
- Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
- Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division (1)
- Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area
- Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division
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