METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- DECEMBER 2013
Unemployment rates were lower in December than a year earlier in 339 of the
372 metropolitan areas, higher in 25 areas, and unchanged in 8 areas, the
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Twenty-two areas had jobless
rates of at least 10.0 percent and 78 areas had rates of less than 5.0
percent. Two hundred ninety-four metropolitan areas had over-the-year
increases in nonfarm payroll employment, 67 had decreases, and 11 had no
change. The national unemployment rate in December was 6.5 percent, not
seasonally adjusted, down from 7.6 percent a year earlier.
Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
Yuma, Ariz., and El Centro, Calif., had the highest unemployment rates in
December, 27.1 percent and 22.5 percent, respectively. Bismarck, N.D.; Logan,
Utah-Idaho; and Midland, Texas, had the lowest rates, 2.8 percent each. A
total of 211 areas had December unemployment rates below the U.S. figure of
6.5 percent, 152 areas had rates above it, and 9 areas had rates equal to that
of the nation. (See table 1.)
Atlantic City-Hammonton, N.J., had the largest over-the-year unemployment
rate decrease in December (-4.5 percentage points). Seventy-eight other areas
had rate declines of at least 2.0 percentage points, and an additional 102
areas had declines between 1.0 and 1.9 points. Danville, Ill., had the largest
over-the-year jobless rate increase (+2.2 percentage points). No other area
had an unemployment rate increase greater than 1.0 percentage point.
Of the 49 metropolitan areas with a Census 2000 population of 1 million or more,
Providence-Fall River-Warwick, R.I.-Mass., had the highest unemployment rate in
December, 9.2 percent. Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, Minn.-Wis., had the
lowest rate among the large areas, 4.3 percent. Forty-five of the large areas
had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, three had increases, and one had
no change. The largest rate decline occurred in Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill,
N.C.-S.C. (-2.8 percentage points). Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, Ohio, had the
largest jobless rate increase over the year (+0.5 percentage point).
Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 34 metropolitan
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers.
In December, Lawrence-Methuen-Salem, Mass.-N.H., had the highest jobless rate
among the divisions, 10.3 percent. Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick, Md., had the
lowest unemployment rate, 4.3 percent. (See table 2.)
Twenty-nine of the metropolitan divisions had over-the-year jobless rate
decreases in December, while four had increases and one had no change. Camden,
N.J., had the largest rate decline from a year earlier (-2.7 percentage points).
Seventeen other divisions had rate decreases of 1.0 percentage point or more.
No division had an over-the-year unemployment rate increase larger than 0.1
Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
In December, 294 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm
payroll employment, 67 had decreases, and 11 had no change. The largest over-
the-year employment increases occurred in New York-Northern New Jersey-Long
Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. (+135,300), Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, Texas (+82,000),
and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, Calif. (+80,500). The largest over-the-
year percentage gain in employment occurred in Naples-Marco Island, Fla.
(+7.7 percent), followed by Sebastian-Vero Beach, Fla. (+6.5 percent), and
Columbus, Ind. (+6.0 percent). (See table 3.)
The largest over-the-year decrease in employment occurred in Cleveland-Elyria-
Mentor, Ohio (-6,400), followed by Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, N.Y.
(-5,200), and Scranton--Wilkes-Barre, Pa. (-2,100). The largest over-the-year
percentage decreases in employment occurred in Salisbury, Md. (-3.1 percent),
Palm Coast, Fla. (-3.0 percent), and Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown, N.Y.
Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 36 of the 37 metropolitan areas with
annual average employment levels above 750,000 in 2012. The largest over-the-year
percentage increase in employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred in
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, Calif. (+3.4 percent), followed by Orlando-
Kissimmee-Sanford, Fla. (+3.1 percent), and Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, Texas,
and Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, Fla. (+3.0 percent each). The only large
area that had an over-the-year percentage decrease in employment was Cleveland-
Elyria-Mentor, Ohio (-0.6 percent).
Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
Nonfarm payroll employment data were available in December 2013 for 32
metropolitan divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment
centers within a metropolitan area. Thirty of the 32 metropolitan divisions had
over-the-year employment gains and 2 had losses. The largest over-the-year
increase in employment among the metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-White
Plains-Wayne, N.Y.-N.J. (+102,400), followed by Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Ill.
(+54,400), and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif. (+46,000). The only over-
the-year decreases in employment occurred in Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, Mich.
(-3,700), and Edison-New Brunswick, N.J. (-1,100). (See table 4.)
The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment among the metropolitan
divisions occurred in Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, Wash. (+3.0 percent), followed by
Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach, Fla., and Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas
(+2.7 percent each). The only over-the-year percentage decreases in employment
occurred in Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, Mich. (-0.5 percent), and Edison-New Brunswick,
N.J. (-0.1 percent).
The Regional and State Unemployment 2013 Annual Averages news release is scheduled
to be released on Friday, February 28, 2014, at 10:00 a.m. (EST). The Regional and
State Employment and Unemployment news release for January 2014 is scheduled to be
released on Monday, March 17, 2014, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The Metropolitan Area
Employment and Unemployment news release for January 2014 is scheduled to be
released on Friday, March 21, 2014, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).
| Upcoming Changes to Current Employment Statistics Data |
| Effective with the release of January 2014 estimates on Monday, March |
| 17th, all nonfarm payroll employment estimates for states and areas |
| presented in tables 3 and 4 of this news release will be adjusted to |
| 2013 benchmark levels. Seasonally adjusted series will be subject to |
| revision from 1990 forward. Not seasonally adjusted payroll data back |
| to April 2012 will also be subject to revision. |
| Upcoming Changes to Local Area Unemployment Statistics Data |
| Effective with the issuance of the Regional and State Unemployment |
| 2013 Annual Averages news release on Friday, February 28th, the |
| civilian labor force data for census regions and divisions and all |
| states, the District of Columbia, and the seven modeled substate |
| areas presented in tables 1 and 2 of this news release will be |
| revised from 2009 to 2013 to incorporate updated inputs, new popula- |
| tion controls, and reestimation of models. The new population controls|
| will reflect the annual updating of population estimates by the U.S. |
| Census Bureau. Labor force estimates for all other metropolitan areas |
| and metropolitan divisions subsequently will be revised to reflect |
| updated inputs and adjustment to the new statewide estimates. Data |
| back to 2009 are subject to revision, and the revised estimates will |
| be published with the March 2014 Regional and State Employment and |
| Unemployment news release on Friday, April 18th. |
- Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment Technical Note
- Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
- Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division (1)
- Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area
- Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division
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