METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- JULY 2014
Unemployment rates were lower in July than a year earlier in 348 of the 372 metropolitan
areas, higher in 16 areas, and unchanged in 8 areas, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
reported today. Fifteen areas had jobless rates of at least 10.0 percent and 68 areas
had rates of less than 5.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in
327 metropolitan areas, decreased in 41 areas, and was unchanged in 4 areas. The national
unemployment rate in July was 6.5 percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 7.7 percent
a year earlier.
Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
Yuma, Ariz., and El Centro, Calif., had the highest unemployment rates in July, 29.2
percent and 24.7 percent, respectively. Bismarck, N.D., had the lowest unemployment rate,
2.4 percent. A total of 193 areas had July unemployment rates below the U.S. figure of
6.5 percent, 169 areas had rates above it, and 10 areas had rates equal to that of the
nation. (See table 1.)
Decatur, Ill., had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in July (-3.5
percentage points), followed by Longview, Wash. (-3.0 points). Thirty-six other areas had
rate decreases of at least 2.0 percentage points. Florence-Muscle Shoals, Ala., had the
largest over-the-year jobless rate increase (+1.7 percentage points).
| Changes to Current Employment Statistics (CES) Data |
|Effective with the release of July 2014 data in this news release, the CES survey |
|began implementing new sample units into production on a quarterly basis, replacing |
|the practice of implementing new sample units annually. There was no change to the |
|CES survey sample design. More information about the quarterly sample implementation|
|is available at www.bls.gov/ces/cesqsi.htm. |
Of the 49 metropolitan areas with a Census 2000 population of 1 million or more, Detroit-
Warren-Livonia, Mich., had the highest unemployment rate in July, 9.8 percent. Minneapolis-
St. Paul-Bloomington, Minn.-Wis., had the lowest jobless rate among the large areas, 4.2
percent. Forty-eight of the large areas had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases,
while one had an increase. The largest unemployment rate declines occurred in Chicago-
Joliet-Naperville, Ill.-Ind.-Wis. (-2.6 percentage points), and Las Vegas-Paradise, Nev.
(-2.2 points). Birmingham-Hoover, Ala., had the only jobless rate increase (+0.8 percentage
Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 34 metropolitan divisions,
which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In July, Detroit-Livonia-
Dearborn, Mich., had the highest unemployment rate among the divisions, 11.1 percent.
Nashua, N.H.-Mass., had the lowest division rate, 4.7 percent, followed by Framingham,
Mass., and San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City, Calif., 4.8 percent each. (See table 2.)
All 34 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases in July. The
largest of these declines were in Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Ill. (-2.8 percentage points);
Lawrence-Methuen-Salem, Mass.-N.H. (-2.1 points); and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale,
Calif. (-2.0 points).
Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
In July, 327 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment,
41 had decreases, and 4 had no change. The largest over-the-year employment increases
occurred in New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. (+155,400), Dallas-
Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas (+120,800), and Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, Texas (+112,200).
The largest over-the-year percentage gain in employment occurred in Muncie, Ind. (+10.4
percent), followed by Lawrence, Kan. (+7.4 percent), and College Station-Bryan, Texas
(+7.0 percent). (See table 3.)
The largest over-the-year decrease in employment occurred in Atlantic City-Hammonton, N.J.
(-3,600), followed by Syracuse, N.Y. (-3,300), and Peoria, Ill. (-2,800). The largest
over-the-year percentage decreases in employment occurred in Atlantic City-Hammonton, N.J.
(-2.6 percent), Anniston-Oxford, Ala. (-2.4 percent), and Lynchburg, Va., and Peoria, Ill.
(-1.6 percent each).
Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in all of the 38 metropolitan areas with annual
average employment levels above 750,000 in 2013. The largest over-the-year percentage
increase in employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred in Houston-Sugar Land-
Baytown, Texas (+4.0 percent), followed by Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas (+3.9
percent), and Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos, Texas (+3.8 percent).
Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
Nonfarm payroll employment data were available in July 2014 for 32 metropolitan divisions,
which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers within a metropolitan
area. All metropolitan divisions had over-the-year employment gains. The largest over-the-
year increase in employment among the metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-White
Plains-Wayne, N.Y.-N.J. (+116,800), followed by Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+92,300), and
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif. (+69,200). (See table 4.)
The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment among the metropolitan
divisions occurred in Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+4.3 percent), followed by Miami-Miami
Beach-Kendall, Fla. (+3.5 percent), and San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City, Calif., and
West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Boynton Beach, Fla. (+3.3 percent each).
The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release for August is scheduled
to be released on Friday, September 19, 2014, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The Metropolitan Area
Employment and Unemployment news release for August is scheduled to be released on
Wednesday, October 1, 2014, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).
- Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment Technical Note
- Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
- Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division (1)
- Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area
- Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division
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