Hotel Management Agreements

Baker & McKenzie's Views on Views on Why We Need an Area of Protection? - By Graeme Dickson and Kerrie Duong

Baker & McKenzie

Why do we need an area of protection ("AOP")?

It is relatively standard for an Owner to request a Manager to agree not to manage another hotel within a specified radius of the subject hotel. In former times, this restriction usually took the form of an absolute prohibition on the Manager. In more recent times, in an environment where many of the hotel management companies both international and domestic have multiple brands, the tendency is for the restriction to be solely in relation to the same brand as the brand ascribed to the subject hotel.

The traditional justification for this restriction is that an Owner does not want to find itself in a situation where the Manager agrees to manage a hotel of the same brand competing in the same vicinity as the subject hotel with the potential consequence that reservations and other business, which would otherwise find its way to the subject hotel is diverted to one or more other hotels operated by the Manager under the same brand. 

The restricted area can be described in a variety of ways. It is usually delineated by reference to a specified circumference from the subject hotel (e.g. two kilometres from the perimeter of the subject hotel) or by reference to a plan attached to the management agreement which may contain a hatched area that represents the restricted area. In some circumstances, typically gateway cities, the management agreement can contain multiple restricted areas. Usually, there is a larger area which may come to an end at an earlier point in time than a second restricted area of smaller geographic reach.

Typically, there are a number of carve outs to the restriction including:

  • the Manager conducting unrelated activities under the restricted brand such as timeshare, residential products (including single family homes and multi unit apartment buildings), restaurants and other products and business operations; and
  • any hotel or hotels that are members of a chain or group of hotels:

   -     with a specified minimum number in operation;

   -     if acquired by or merged with the Manager; and

   -     in circumstances where it is intended that one or more of such hotels will be rebranded to the same brand as the subject hotel.

As you would expect, although  each AOP restriction will necessarily deprive the hotel manager from receiving more income streams from other hotels within the restricted area, these days most hotel managers are willing to agree with owners for an appropriate AOP clause.  Obviously, both parties need to discuss the appropriate geographic reach and duration under the AOP clause and seek to accommodate and balance each other's legitimate interests in this respect.

We would be happy to elaborate on this topic, and the key negotiation considerations, to any interested reader.

About Baker & McKenzie

Founded in 1949, Baker & McKenzie advises many of the world’s most dynamic and successful business organizations through more than 11,000 people in 77 offices in 47 countries. The Firm is known for its global perspective, deep understanding of the local language and culture of business, uncompromising commitment to excellence, and world-class fluency in its client service. Global revenues for the fiscal year ended 30 June 2014, were US$2.54 billion. Eduardo Leite is Chairman of the Executive Committee. (

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