METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- MAY 2016 Unemployment rates were lower in May than a year earlier in 333 of the 387 metropolitan areas, higher in 49 areas, and unchanged in 5 areas, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Twenty-four areas had jobless rates of less than 3.0 percent and two areas had rates of at least 10.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in 311 metropolitan areas, decreased in 70 areas, and was unchanged in 6 areas. The national unemployment rate in May was 4.5 percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 5.3 percent a year earlier. Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted) In May, the lowest unemployment rates were in Ames, Iowa; Burlington-South Burlington, Vt.; and Sioux Falls, S.D., 2.1 percent each. Yuma, Ariz., had the highest unemployment rate, 20.9 percent. A total of 187 areas had May jobless rates above the U.S. rate of 4.5 percent, 185 areas had rates below it, and 15 areas had rates equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.) El Centro, Calif., had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in May (-4.1 percentage points). Nine other areas had rate declines of at least 2.0 percentage points. The largest over-the-year rate increase occurred in Casper, Wyo. (+2.7 percentage points). Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more, Austin-Round Rock, Texas, had the lowest unemployment rate in May, 2.9 percent. Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, Nev., had the highest rate among the large areas, 6.4 percent. Forty-six large areas had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases and five had increases. The largest rate decreases occurred in Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, Calif., and Memphis, Tenn.-Miss.-Ark. (-2.1 percentage points each). The largest over-the-year rate increase occurred in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, Texas (+0.4 percentage point). Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted) Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In May, San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco, Calif., and San Rafael, Calif., had the lowest unemployment rates among the divisions, 2.8 percent each. Philadelphia, Pa., had the highest division rate, 6.5 percent. (See table 2.) In May, 35 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, 2 had increases, and 1 had no change. The largest rate decline occurred in Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif. (-2.5 percentage points). The largest over- the-year rate increase occurred in Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, Wash. (+0.4 percentage point). Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted) In May, 311 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment, 70 had decreases, and 6 had no change. The largest over-the-year employment increases occurred in Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, Calif. (+154,500), New York-Newark-Jersey City, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. (+143,800), and Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas (+125,300). The largest over-the-year percentage gain in employment occurred in St. George, Utah (+7.1 percent), followed by Madera, Calif., and State College, Pa. (+6.7 percent each). (See table 3.) The largest over-the-year decreases in employment occurred in Lafayette, La. (-8,100), Houma-Thibodaux, La. (-4,500), and Pittsburgh, Pa. (-4,200). The largest over-the- year percentage decreases in employment occurred in Casper, Wyo. (-6.6 percent), Houma-Thibodaux, La. (-4.6 percent), and Williamsport, Pa. (-3.9 percent). Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 48 of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more and fell in Pittsburgh, Pa. (-0.4 percent), New Orleans-Metairie, La. (-0.3 percent), and Rochester, N.Y. (-0.2 percent). The largest over-the-year percentage increases in employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred in Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, Fla. (+4.2 percent), and Austin-Round Rock, Texas (+3.9 percent). Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted) In May, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 37 of the 38 metropolitan divisions over the year and decreased in Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead, Mass. (-400, or -0.9 percent). The largest over-the-year increase in employment among the metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-Jersey City-White Plains, N.Y.-N.J. (+124,600), followed by Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+111,100), and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif. (+101,000). (See table 4.) The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment among the metropolitan divisions occurred in Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+4.6 percent), followed by Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach, Fla. (+3.8 percent), and Seattle-Bellevue- Everett, Wash. (+3.7 percent). _____________ The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release for June is scheduled to be released on Friday, July 22, 2016, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for June is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, August 3, 2016, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).
- Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment Technical Note
- Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
- Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division (1)
- Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area
- Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division
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