METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- MAY 2017 Unemployment rates were lower in May than a year earlier in 298 of the 388 metropolitan areas, higher in 66 areas, and unchanged in 24 areas, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Fifty-seven areas had jobless rates of less than 3.0 percent and two areas had rates of at least 10.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in 304 metropolitan areas, decreased in 77 areas, and was unchanged in 6 areas. (See box note.) The national unemployment rate in May was 4.1 percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 4.5 percent a year earlier.
Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted) In May, Ames, Iowa; Bismarck, N.D.; and Fargo, N.D.-Minn., had the lowest unemployment rates, 1.9 percent each, closely followed by Fort Collins, Colo., 2.0 percent. El Centro, Calif., had the highest unemployment rate, 20.5 percent. A total of 194 areas had May jobless rates below the U.S. rate of 4.1 percent, 181 areas had rates above it, and 13 areas had rates equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.) Beckley, W.Va., had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in May (-2.4 percentage points), followed by Casper, Wyo. (-2.3 points). Eighty-seven other areas had rate declines of at least 1.0 percentage point. The largest over-the-year rate increase occurred in Toledo, Ohio (+1.2 percentage points). Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more, Denver- Aurora-Lakewood, Colo., and Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, Tenn., had the lowest unemployment rates in May, 2.3 percent each. Cleveland-Elyria, Ohio, had the highest jobless rate among the large areas, 5.8 percent. Thirty-six large areas had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, 10 had increases, and 5 had no change. The largest rate decreases occurred in Birmingham-Hoover, Ala.; Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, Ill.-Ind.-Wis.; Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson, Ind.; and Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, Ore.-Wash. (-1.2 percentage points each). The largest over-the-year rate increase was in Cleveland-Elyria, Ohio (+0.9 percentage point). Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted) Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In May, San Francisco- Redwood City-South San Francisco, Calif., and San Rafael, Calif., had the lowest unemployment rates among the divisions, 2.6 percent each. Philadelphia, Pa., had the highest division rate, 6.2 percent. (See table 2.) In May, 20 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, 16 had increases, and 2 had no change. The largest rate decline occurred in Gary, Ind. (-1.9 percentage points). The largest over-the-year rate increase occurred in Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem, Mass.-N.H. (+0.6 percentage point). Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted) In May, 304 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment, 77 had decreases, and 6 had no change. (See box note.) The largest over-the-year employment increases occurred in New York-Newark-Jersey City, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. (+151,500), Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas (+115,800), and Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, Ga. (+81,900). The largest over-the-year percentage gain in employment occurred in State College, Pa. (+8.0 percent), followed by Sebring, Fla. (+5.8 percent), and St. George, Utah (+5.4 percent). (See table 3.) The largest over-the-year decreases in employment occurred in Houma-Thibodaux, La. (-4,200), Shreveport- Bossier City, La. (-3,000), and Rochester, N.Y. (-2,700). The largest over-the-year percentage decrease in employment occurred in Casper, Wyo. (-4.8 percent), followed by Houma-Thibodaux, La. (-4.7 percent), and Beckley, W.Va. (-3.5 percent). Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 47 of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more, and fell in 3. (See box note.) The largest over-the-year percentage increases in employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred in Nashville-Davidson—Murfreesboro—Franklin, Tenn., and Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, Fla. (+4.0 percent each), followed by Jacksonville, Fla. (+3.5 percent). The over-the-year percentage decreases occurred in Rochester, N.Y. (-0.5 percent), New Orleans-Metairie, La. (-0.3 percent), and Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, Va.-N.C. (-0.1 percent). Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted) In May, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 34 of the 38 metropolitan divisions over the year, fell in 2, and was unchanged in Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem, Mass.-N.H., and Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead, Mass. The largest over-the-year increase in employment among the metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-Jersey City- White Plains, N.Y.-N.J. (+131,100), followed by Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+90,400), and Los Angeles- Long Beach-Glendale, Calif. (+55,700). The over-the-year decreases in employment occurred in Newark, N.J.-Pa. (-4,200), and Elgin, Ill. (-100). (See table 4.) The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment among the metropolitan divisions occurred in Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach, Fla. (+3.8 percent), followed by Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+3.6 percent), and Tacoma-Lakewood, Wash. (+2.7 percent). Newark, N.J.-Pa., had the only over-the-year percentage decline in employment (-0.3 percent). _____________ The State Employment and Unemployment news release for June is scheduled to be released on Friday, July 21, 2017, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for June is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, August 2, 2017, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).
- Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment Technical Note
- Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
- Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division (1)
- Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area
- Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division
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