METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- OCTOBER 2017 Unemployment rates were lower in October than a year earlier in 341 of the 388 metropolitan areas, higher in 33 areas, and unchanged in 14 areas, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Seventy-four areas had jobless rates of less than 3.0 percent and two areas had rates of at least 10.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in 307 metropolitan areas, decreased in 74 areas, and was unchanged in 7 areas. The national unemployment rate in October was 3.9 percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 4.7 percent a year earlier. Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted) In October, Ames, IA, had the lowest unemployment rate, 1.4 percent, closely followed by Columbia, MO, 1.5 percent. El Centro, CA, and Yuma, AZ, had the highest unemployment rates, 20.9 percent and 18.0 percent, respectively. A total of 191 areas had October jobless rates below the U.S. rate of 3.9 percent, 181 areas had rates above it, and 16 areas had rates equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.) El Centro, CA, had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in October (-4.0 percentage points). An additional 158 areas had rate declines of at least 1.0 percentage point. The largest over-the-year rate increase occurred in Pittsfield, MA (+0.7 percentage point). Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more, Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI, and Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, TN, had the lowest unemployment rates in October, 2.3 percent each. Cleveland-Elyria, OH, had the highest jobless rate among the large areas, 5.2 percent, closely followed by Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV, 5.1 percent. Forty-seven large areas had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases and four had increases. The largest rate decrease occurred in Birmingham-Hoover, AL (-2.7 percentage points). The largest over-the-year rate increase was in Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH (+0.4 percentage point). _____________________________________________________________________________________ | | | Data for Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands | | | |The Puerto Rico household survey was conducted for the October 2017 reference period.| |However, the response rate was below average, in part as a result of difficulties | |accessing some remote areas that were significantly affected by Hurricanes Irma and | |Maria. As more information becomes available, the October estimates for Puerto Rico | |and its metropolitan areas published in table 1 of this news release may be subject | |to special revision. Due to the devastation caused by the hurricanes, the Puerto Rico| |household survey was not conducted for September. | | | |Response rates for the October 2017 establishment survey were lower than average in | |Puerto Rico. In addition, a modification was made to the October estimation process | |that accounts for business births and deaths. As of this release, a sufficient amount| |of establishment data was collected to produce final estimates for September and | |preliminary estimates for October. | | | |The U.S. Virgin Islands was not able to administer its establishment survey in | |September or October 2017. | | | |More information on the effects of the recent hurricanes on BLS data collection and | |reporting can be found at www.bls.gov/bls/hurricanes-harvey-irma-maria.htm. | |_____________________________________________________________________________________| Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted) Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In October, San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco, CA, and San Rafael, CA, had the lowest unemployment rates among the divisions, 2.6 percent each. Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia, MI, and Philadelphia, PA, had the highest division rates, 5.2 percent each. (See table 2.) In October, 22 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, 13 had increases, and 3 had no change. The largest rate decline occurred in Detroit-Dearborn- Livonia, MI (-1.8 percentage points). The largest over-the-year jobless rate increases occurred in Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton, MA, and Taunton-Middleborough-Norton, MA (+0.5 percentage point each). Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted) In October, 307 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment, 74 had decreases, and 7 had no change. The largest over-the-year employment increases occurred in Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX (+94,400), New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA (+91,300), and Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA (+65,800). The largest over-the-year percentage gains in employment occurred in Ocean City, NJ (+5.9 percent), Daphne-Fairhope-Foley, AL (+5.5 percent), and Auburn-Opelika, AL, and Elkhart-Goshen, IN (+5.2 percent each). (See table 3.) The largest over-the-year decrease in employment occurred in Virginia Beach-Norfolk- Newport News, VA-NC (-9,100), followed by Tucson, AZ (-3,900), and Rochester, NY (-3,500). The largest over-the-year percentage decrease in employment occurred in Cape Girardeau, MO-IL (-5.2 percent), followed by Michigan City-La Porte, IN (-2.9 percent), and Grand Forks, ND-MN (-2.7 percent). Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 47 of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more and fell in 4. The largest over-the-year percentage increases in employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred in Orlando-Kissimmee- Sanford, FL; Raleigh, NC; and Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA (+3.0 percent each). The over-the-year percentage decreases occurred in Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC (-1.2 percent), Rochester, NY (-0.6 percent), Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls, NY (-0.5 percent), and Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT (-0.2 percent). Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted) In October, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 35 of the 38 metropolitan divisions over the year and fell in 3. The largest over-the-year increase in employment among the metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-Jersey City-White Plains, NY-NJ (+90,500), followed by Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX (+67,900), and Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA (+50,300). The over-the-year decreases occurred in Newark, NJ-PA (-4,300), Gary, IN (-3,700), and Elgin, IL (-700). (See table 4.) The largest over-the-year percentage increases occurred in Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach- Deerfield Beach, FL (+3.1 percent), Nashua, NH-MA (+3.0 percent), and Boston-Cambridge- Newton, MA; Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX; and Tacoma-Lakewood, WA (+2.7 percent each). The over-the-year percentage decreases occurred in Gary, IN (-1.3 percent), Newark, NJ-PA (-0.4 percent), and Elgin, IL (-0.3 percent). _____________ The State Employment and Unemployment news release for November is scheduled to be released on Friday, December 22, 2017, at 10:00 a.m. (EST). The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for November is scheduled to be released on Thursday, January 4, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EST). ___________________________________________________________________________________ | | | Conversion to the 2017 North American Industry Classification System | | | |With the release of January 2018 data on March 12, 2018, the Current Employment | |Statistics (CES) survey will revise the basis for industry classification from the | |2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) to the 2017 NAICS for | |all states and metropolitan areas. The conversion to the 2017 NAICS will result in | |minor revisions reflecting content and coding changes within the retail trade and | |information sectors. Several industry titles and descriptions also will be updated.| |Details of new, discontinued, and collapsed industries as a result of the 2017 | |NAICS update, as well as changes due to the annual benchmarking process, will be | |available on March 12, 2018. | | | |For more information on the 2017 NAICS, see www.census.gov/eos/www/naics/. | |___________________________________________________________________________________|
- Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment Technical Note
- Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
- Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division (1)
- Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area
- Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division
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