U.S. Employment Trends

U.S. November Jobless Rates Down over the Year in 304 of 388 Metro Areas; Payroll Jobs Up In 313

Jobless rates were lower in November than a year earlier in 304 of the 388 metropolitan areas, higher in 67, and unchanged in 17. Nonfarm payroll employment was up in 313 metropolitan areas over the year, down in 70, and unchanged in 5.

U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- NOVEMBER 2017


Unemployment rates were lower in November than a year earlier in 304 of the 388 metropolitan
areas, higher in 67 areas, and unchanged in 17 areas, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
reported today. Sixty-nine areas had jobless rates of less than 3.0 percent and three areas
had rates of at least 10.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in
313 metropolitan areas, decreased in 70 areas, and was unchanged in 5 areas. The national
unemployment rate in November was 3.9 percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 4.4
percent a year earlier.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In November, Ames, IA, had the lowest unemployment rate, 1.5 percent, followed by Mankato-
North Mankato, MN, and Urban Honolulu, HI, 1.9 percent each. El Centro, CA, and Yuma, AZ,
had the highest unemployment rates, 19.8 percent and 15.6 percent, respectively. A total
of 187 areas had November jobless rates above the U.S. rate of 3.9 percent, 182 areas had
rates below it, and 19 areas had rates equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.)

El Centro, CA, had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in November (-3.0
percentage points). An additional 98 areas had rate declines of at least 1.0 percentage
point. The largest over-the-year rate increase occurred in Ocean City, NJ (+1.4 percentage
points).

Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more, Minneapolis-
St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI, had the lowest unemployment rate in November, 2.4 percent.
Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls, NY, had the highest jobless rate among the large areas,
5.3 percent. Forty-two large areas had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, six had
increases, and three had no change. The largest rate decrease occurred in Birmingham-Hoover,
AL (-2.1 percentage points). The largest over-the-year rate increase was in Rochester, NY
(+0.6 percentage point).

 _______________________________________________________________________________________
| 											|
|     Current Employment Statistics Data for Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands	|
|											|
|  Response rates for the November 2017 establishment survey were slightly lower than	|
|  average in Puerto Rico. In addition, a modification was made to the estimation	|
|  process that accounts for business births and deaths. As of this release, a		|
|  sufficient amount of establishment data was collected to produce final estimates	|
|  for October and preliminary estimates for November.					|
|											|
|  The U.S. Virgin Islands was not able to administer its establishment survey in	|
|  September, October, and November. It is unknown at this time when estimates of	|
|  employment, hours and earnings will be published for the U.S. Virgin Islands. 	|
| 											|
|  More information on the effects of the recent hurricanes on BLS data collection	|
|  and reporting can be found at www.bls.gov/bls/hurricanes-harvey-irma-maria.htm. 	|
|_______________________________________________________________________________________|


Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan divisions,
which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In November, San Francisco-
Redwood City-South San Francisco, CA, and San Rafael, CA, had the lowest unemployment rates
among the divisions, 2.2 percent each. Philadelphia, PA, had the highest division rate, 5.2
percent. (See table 2.)

In November, 21 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, 16
had increases, and 1 had no change. The largest rate decline occurred in Detroit-Dearborn-
Livonia, MI (-1.2 percentage points). The largest over-the-year jobless rate increase occurred
in Camden, NJ (+0.8 percentage point).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In November, 313 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment,
70 had decreases, and 5 had no change. The largest over-the-year employment increases
occurred in Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX (+100,400), New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-
PA (+89,300), and Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH (+60,300). The largest over-the-year
percentage gains in employment occurred in Elkhart-Goshen, IN (+5.3 percent), and Daphne-
Fairhope-Foley, AL, and Ocean City, NJ (+5.1 percent each). (See table 3.)

The largest over-the-year decrease in employment occurred in Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport
News, VA-NC (-6,000), followed by Rochester, NY (-3,000), and Akron, OH (-2,800). The largest
over-the-year percentage decrease in employment occurred in Cape Girardeau, MO-IL (-5.6
percent), followed by Cleveland, TN, and Michigan City-La Porte, IN (-3.6 percent each).

Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 47 of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census
population of 1 million or more, fell in 3, and was unchanged in Hartford-West Hartford-East
Hartford, CT. The largest over-the-year percentage increases in employment in these large
metropolitan areas occurred in Raleigh, NC, and Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA (+3.2
percent each), and Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL (+3.1 percent). The over-the-year percentage
decreases occurred in Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC (-0.8 percent), Rochester,
NY (-0.6 percent), and New Orleans-Metairie, LA (-0.4 percent).

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In November, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 35 of the 38 metropolitan divisions over
the year and fell in 3. The largest over-the-year increase in employment among the metropolitan
divisions occurred in New York-Jersey City-White Plains, NY-NJ (+95,700), followed by Dallas-
Plano-Irving, TX (+73,100), and Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA (+48,000). The over-the-year
decreases occurred in Newark, NJ-PA (-8,900), Gary, IN (-5,300), and Nassau County-Suffolk
County, NY (-900). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increases occurred in Nashua, NH-MA (+3.1 percent),
Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX (+2.9 percent), and Fort Worth-Arlington, TX (+2.7 percent). The over-
the-year percentage decreases occurred in Gary, IN (-1.9 percent), Newark, NJ-PA (-0.7 percent),
and Nassau County-Suffolk County, NY (-0.1 percent).

_____________
The State Employment and Unemployment news release for December 2017 is scheduled to be
released on Tuesday, January 23, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EST). The Metropolitan Area Employment
and Unemployment news release for December 2017 is scheduled to be released on Tuesday,
February 6, 2018, at 10:00 a.m. (EST).


 _______________________________________________________________________________________
|											|
|             Upcoming Changes to Local Area Unemployment Statistics Data		|
|											|
|  Effective with the release of Regional and State Unemployment 2017 Annual Averages	|
|  on Tuesday, February 27, 2018, the civilian labor force and unemployment data for	|
|  census regions and divisions and all states, the District of Columbia, and the       |
|  modeled substate areas presented in tables 1 and 2 of this news release will be      |
|  revised from 2013-17 to incorporate updated inputs, new population controls, and     |
|  reestimation of models. Civilian labor force and unemployment estimates for all other|
|  metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions subsequently will be revised to reflect|
|  updated inputs and adjustment to the new statewide estimates. These revised estimates|
|  will be published in conjunction with the March 2018 State Employment and Unemploy-  |
|  ment news release on Friday, April 20, 2018.						|
|_______________________________________________________________________________________|


 _______________________________________________________________________________________
|           										|
|               Upcoming Changes to Current Employment Statistics Data			|
|											|
|  Effective with the release of January 2018 estimates on March 12, 2018, all nonfarm	|
|  payroll employment estimates for states and areas presented in tables 3 and 4 of	|
|  this news release will be adjusted to 2017 benchmark levels.  			|
|										        |
|  Also effective with the release of January 2018 estimates, the Current Employment	|
|  Statistics (CES) program will convert to concurrent seasonal adjustment, which uses	|
|  all available estimates, including those for the current month, in developing	|
|  seasonal factors. Currently, the CES program develops seasonal factors once a year	|
|  during the annual benchmark process. For more information on concurrent seasonal	|
|  adjustment in the CES State and Area program, see www.bls.gov/sae/saeconcurrent.htm. |
|											|
|  Not seasonally adjusted data beginning with April 2016 and seasonally adjusted data	|
|  beginning with January 2013 are subject to revision. Some seasonally adjusted	|
|  series may be revised back to 1990. 						        |
|_______________________________________________________________________________________|


 _______________________________________________________________________________________
|											|
|         Conversion to the 2017 North American Industry Classification System		|
|											|
|  With the release of January 2018 data on March 12, 2018, the Current Employment	|
|  Statistics (CES) survey will revise the basis for industry classification from the	|
|  2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) to the 2017 NAICS for	|
|  all states and metropolitan areas. 							|
|											|
|  The conversion to the 2017 NAICS will result in minor revisions reflecting content	|	
|  and coding changes within the retail trade and information sectors. Several		|
|  industry titles and descriptions also will be updated. Details of new, discontinued, |
|  and combined industries due to the 2017 NAICS updates, as well as changes due	|
|  to the annual benchmarking process, will be available on March 12, 2018.		|
|											|
|  For more information on 2017 NAICS, see www.census.gov/eos/www/naics/.		|
|_______________________________________________________________________________________|
											





Logos, product and company names mentioned are the property of their respective owners.